Ra and Horus are different gods but even the ancient Egyptians sometimes got a little confused about some of their gods and would associate one with another. This is partly they are both shown as birds of prey, partly because different gods were preferred at different times in Egyptian history, and also because some gods were more revered in some cities than others.
Ra is a very ancient god, the sun-god who is often shown as a hawk, who the earliest pharaohs thought was the father of all the gods, including the pharaohs themselves. The pharaohs were always called "son of Ra".
Some other gods were also given the name of Ra eventually because they had so many features in common. We therefore see Amon-Ra (who used to be Amon).Horus looks similar to Ra and can be shown as a falcon or hawk. He was the son of the god Osiris and the goddess Isis. He was a sky god but he was also responsible for the welfare of the kings, so he is often shown in tombs.The Egyptians clearly realized that Ra and Horus had a very similar job so in some places the two gods are shown as one god, named Ra-Horakhty.
Thursday, 09 April, 2009